Red Coral is harvested mostly out of the Mediterranean Sea. It has been used for thousands of years by the Western civilizations in Europe and different groups who have lived in the Middle East. Most modern day coral is processed in and around Naples, Italy. The Native Americans first had access to coral from traders who traversed the Southwest looking to do business with the Navajos and Pueblo tribes. Orange Coral is also from the Mediterranean, but it is not as valued as red coral despite being more rare. Pink Coral is found in the Sea of Japan and surrounding waters. It has always been less expensive than the Italian Red Coral, but in recent years has become more rare.